Energy support measures and their impact on innovation in the renewable energy sector in Europe (External content)
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The study provides an overview, at European level, of the type of measures in place in 2012 to support energy consumption and production in 32 EEA countries. For four countries, a quantitative analysis is undertaken as well. Progress towards innovation in the renewable sector is assessed using the number of patent applications to the European Patent Office (EPO) for various renewable energy technologies. The report explores the link between support measures for renewable energy and employment effects in two of the most developed renewable sectors in Europe, namely wind and solar photovoltaics (PV) as well. The discussion is enhanced by an in‑depth analysis at national level of the situation in four European countries: the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland. These countries were selected using seven criteria:- in 2012, countries had to have in place feed-in tariffs/premiums to support renewable energy;- geographical coverage;- different progress towards the 2020 renewable targets;different innovation performance based on the Innovation Union Scorecard 2013;- different economic structure;- different energy mix;- different drivers for renewable development (EU and non-EU countries).The main purpose of this analysis is to highlight the part specific country circumstances play in the development of the renewable sector, by exploring related policy effectiveness and policy efficiency, as well as developments in the renewable sector in terms of innovation and employment. Coherence between policy objectives within relevant policy domains is also important, and is briefly addressed for these four countries

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